We have watched with dismay in the last 30 years as the rates of childhood obesity more than doubled in children and tripled in adolescents. Now we find there is more to this story.
Hypertension in children and adolescents is a growing health problem. In children and adolescents who are three to 18 years old, the combined rate of prehypertension is 7 percent, while the rate in adolescents who are obese is greater than 30 percent in boys and 23 to 30 percent in girls. High blood pressure in childhood commonly leads to hypertension in adulthood, the leading cause of premature death around the world.
Nearly 90% of adults consume more salt than U.S. dietary guidelines recommend. Recently, a new study the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that children between the ages of 8 and 18 in the United States are eating are eating an average of 3,387 mg per day, way over the 2,300 mg daily limit recommended by the federal dietary guidelines.